Nepal: An Overview
The mighty Himalayan range stretches 2400km in length and spread across the five countries in Asia; Bhutan, India, Nepal, People’s Republic of China and Pakistan. Nepal is home to the largest part of the Himalayas and the Mt. Everest, the highest peak in the planet. Owing to the majesty of these Himalayan peaks and the astounding geographical variation, Nepal attracts thousands of explorers, mountaineers, trekkers and general-purpose visitors. While unrivalled Mt. Everest and other superlative bearerstest the limit of human endurance and grit, ardent trekkers enjoy navigating the rugged terrains on the southern slopes of the Himalayas. These slopes are sparsely dotted with seemingly impossible human settlements where the inhabitants practice age-old cultures and traditions. Every year thousands of trekkers traverse through the Everest, Annapurna and Langtang regions, the three classic trekkingareas in Nepal enjoying the nature’s splendors and cultural treasure troves. There are othermore secluded walking tracks in Nepalwhichare equally splashed with natural and cultural riches but are less visited due to the perceived lack of infrastructure, sub-standard tourist facilities and inferior service quality.
Nepal is a land of geographical extremes, ancient history, medieval arts and architectures, vibrant cultures, gregarious people, pristine landscapes and bio-diversity. Located between the largest and the most populous economies; China and India, Nepal boasts an incredible array of attractions for the visitors.
The elevation of Nepal ranges from 60m above sea level to the highest point on the planet, Mt. Everest at 8,848m, only within a distance of 250km. Eight of world’s 14 tallest mountains above 8,000m lie in the Himalayas of Nepal. The geographical variations of the country engender climatic conditions that range from subtropical to arctic and afford a wide vaiety of flora and fauna. In over dozen of National Parks and protected areas you can find everything from snow leopard to Royal Bengal tiger and Great One-horned rhinoceros.
Lord Buddha was born over 2,500 years ago in this land of Mount Everest. Recorded history of Nepal begins with the Lichhavis who came to power in 400 AD. With them the nation began to prosper in art, culture, painting, architecture and sculptures. The Mallas who succeeded them gave a new turn to this prosperity by transforming the small Kingdoms of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur into "Open Air Museum of Art and Architecture". Endowed with bountiful of natural beauties, high Mountains, fauna and flora and myriad bio-diversity, Nepal is probably among one of those places on earth where seven heritage sites are located within the radius of twenty kilometer. Whether it’s adventure, wildlife or cultural, tourism coexists everywhere from unknown village in the fringe of Nepal-Tibet border to a small village in the national park bordering India where Royal Bengal tigers and wild elephants travel freely between two countries. The elevation of Nepal ranges from 60 metre above sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8,848 metre, all within a distance of 500 km with climatic conditions ranging from subtropical to arctic. In fact, 8 out of world’s 14 tallest mountains above 8,000 meter lie in Nepal including the world’s tallest point- the summit of Mt. Everest ( 8848 m). In over dozen of National Parks and protected areas you can find everything from snow leopard to Royal Bengal tiger and Great One-horned rhinoceros.
Nepal is a land for all seasons and for all reasons. If it rains heavily in Pokhara, Annapurna is rain shadow area where you can make trekking even during the rainy season. Round the year the exciting adventure activities ranging from mountaineering to trekking, white water rafting, jungle safaris, biking, hot air ballooning, para gliding take place in Nepal. And, delightful and colorful festivals never cease to amuse people throughout the year.