Nepal is full of surprises. It is a land of ancient history, medieval architecture, vibrant cultures, hospitable people, diverse bio-diversity and pristine landscapes. Located between China and India, Nepal boasts a fantastic array of attractions for tourists. It is a land of geographical extremes. Lord Buddha was born 2,500 years ago in this land of Mount Everest. Recorded history of Nepal begins with the Lichhavis who came to power in 400 AD. With them the nation began to prosper in art, culture, painting, architecture and sculptures. The Mallas who succeeded them gave a new turn to this prosperity by transforming the small Kingdoms of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur into "Open Air Museum of Art and Architecture".
The elevation of Nepal ranges from 60 meter above sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8,848 meter, all within a distance of 500 km with climatic conditions ranging from subtropical to arctic. In fact, 8 out of world's 14 tallest mountains above 8,000 meter lie in Nepal including the world's tallest point- the summit of Mt. Everest (8848 m). In over dozen of National Parks and protected areas you can find everything from snow leopard to Royal Bengal tiger and Great Onehorned rhinoceros.